Harsh Pandya
Written By Harsh Pandya Android - Team Lead

ReactJS vs React Native: Advantages, Disadvantages, & Key Differences

post date
May 12, 2023
ReactJS and React Native Advantages, Disadvantages, and Key Differences
Reading Time: 5 minutes

In the digital age, both companies and developers are constantly looking for novel approaches to deliver outstanding user experiences across various platforms. ReactJS and React Native, two potent technologies that are becoming more and more well-liked for the creation of web and mobile applications, have emerged as a result. Open-source JavaScript libraries with a range of features, functionalities, and benefits, ReactJS and React Native, are both available.

ReactJS is a powerful toolkit that has transformed the way we build dynamic user interfaces for online apps. Developers may easily design sophisticated UI components using its component-based architecture and declarative programming approach, enhancing performance and saving development time. Meanwhile, React Native is designed primarily for cross-platform mobile app development, taking advantage of the capabilities of native UI components and frameworks to provide a unified user experience.

Despite their numerous benefits, ReactJS and React Native have several drawbacks that developers should be aware of. In this blog, we will look at the fundamental differences, benefits, and drawbacks of ReactJS and React Native in order to assist developers in making educated judgments when deciding which technology to use for their projects.

Comparison between ReactJS and React Native

ReactJS and React Native are now used to power some of the most popular mobile apps and websites. They both have some fascinating features, and developers may have a difficult time choosing the most appropriate for developing web and mobile apps. Let’s have a detailed comparison of their features, benefits, and drawbacks.

Key Features of ReactJS

Reactjs is a freely available open-source JavaScript library used by IT professionals to create and render hierarchical UI components. The library is widely used by start-ups and large enterprises to build mobile apps and single-page apps (SPAs). ReactJS offers a wide range of powerful UI features that make it particularly useful for building user interfaces in both web and mobile applications.

Advantages of ReactJS

Faster Speed Rates

Reactjs offers blazing-fast speed for websites and applications through the Document Object Model (DOM). The framework creates an in-memory data structure cache, which computes the resulting differences. It then seamlessly updates the browser’s displayed DOM. Although the programmer writes code as if rendering the change to the whole page, only the changed sub-components are rendered.

Saves Time

The concept of component-based architecture in Reactjs enforces the reusability of components, saving a significant amount of time. Individual pieces of the larger user interface are converted into an independent micro-system. For instance, if a component in the Facebook Ads Adset tab needs a major change, only that component will be reused and redefined instead of the entire Facebook Ads UI.

Huge Ecosystem of Developer Tools

One of the unique features of Reactjs is the huge community of developers. This has created a massive ecosystem of tools, IDEs, component libraries, web browsers, extensions for code editors, and more. Being a community-powered library, Reactjs offers developers the necessary tools and resources needed for innovation.

Powerboost to SEO

With server-side rendering, Reactjs gives a power boost to a web page’s or app’s SEO and attracts more organic traffic. Indexing of content is usually faster when a Google bot visits a server with already rendered content and images, giving it a huge boost to the overall website SEO. The page load time also decreases and a better user experience is attained.

Advantages of React Native

React Native is an open-source UI software framework for building apps and websites that can run on different platforms. Some of the key features include:

Platform-Specific Code

Developers can generate the right code for a platform because React Native automatically detects which platform an app or website is run on.

Ready-to-use Libraries Available

The React Native ecosystem provides developers access to component UI libraries for a smooth UI experience. With access to libraries like Expo, Shoutem, and Native Base, building apps from scratch requires less effort and time. Developers have more time to focus on innovation and ideas instead of creating libraries from scratch.

Useful for Front-End Web Developers

Most of the code present in React Native is Javascript, which means that front-end developers can also develop an app quickly. Front-end developers can easily grasp the technology since all they need to know is Javascript, a few native UI elements, platform APIs, and a few design patterns. This also means that non-programmers will find it easy to create apps using React Native.

Less Development Time

The hot reloading features significantly reduce the amount of time taken in app development. Developers can reload the mobile app automatically because Reactjs supports the Hot Reloading feature.

So what are the key differences between ReactJS and React Native?

Looking at the key features of the two technological frameworks, many similarities can be identified. However, there are also several notable differences in terms of React.js vs. React Native performance, React.js vs. React Native development, and React.js vs. React Native framework:

What are the key differences between ReactJS and React Native

Disadvantages and Limitations of ReactJS and React Native

The ReactJS and React Native frameworks are beneficial in many ways. However, their unique features also make each limited in some ways:

Disadvantages of Reactjs

Overhead Costs and Time

Downloading another react-enabled library adds to overhead costs and time. For instance, a developer who uses the Carbon framework =will be forced to download those components with React.

Overreliance on External Library Support

Reactjs only has a few native libraries, and developers rely more on external, third-party libraries that can have complexities.

Steep Learning Curve

New developers will take more time and effort to learn Reactjs compared to React Native.

Long Data Hierarchy

Data navigation is complicated and complex, especially because ReactJS does not support parallel data handling.

Disadvantages of React Native

Lack of Native Libraries

Programmers only use external, third-party libraries, which slows down the app development process.

Loosely Health Abstraction Layer

Although developers can get tags, code, and stylesheets, it is difficult to enforce rules and parameters.

Requires a Lot of Native Workarounds

When a specific functionality is not found in React Native, developers are forced to either write the native module in Swift/Objective-C or Java or request a native developer to write a new one.

More Time is Needed to Initialize

With React Native, it takes more time to initialize the runtime for devices and gadgets as the JavaScript thread takes longer to initialize.

License and Patenting Issues

Facebook controls React Native, and this has always raised license and patenting issues.

reactjs vs react native Compared breakdown by region

Conclusion

Finally, ReactJS and React Native are two powerful technologies that have revolutionized the way we create web and mobile applications. Because of its versatility, scalability, and powerful collection of capabilities, Reactjs is a popular choice among web developers. React Native, on the other hand, is intended exclusively for mobile app development, with a variety of native UI components and a faster development process.

Both technologies offer unique benefits and drawbacks despite having identical features and functionalities. For web development tasks requiring high performance, real-time updates, and intricate user interfaces, Reactjs is the best choice. While React Native is ideal for creating cross-platform mobile apps with a native look and feel, it is also a terrific choice for startups and established companies wishing to increase their mobile presence.

The decision between ReactJS and React Native is heavily influenced by the project’s unique requirements. Before choosing a technology, developers must balance the advantages and disadvantages of each one and take into account variables like development time, budget, and target audience. Developers may ultimately produce high-quality, engaging applications that give a seamless user experience across web and mobile platforms by utilizing the distinct features of each technology.

 

Harsh Pandya
Written By Harsh Pandya Android - Team Lead

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