What is the MEAN Stack?
An Overview of MEAN Stack Components
MEAN Stack combines the following components of web technologies:
ExpressJS is a powerful web application framework widely used to build scalable and robust web applications. It is built on top of Node.js and provides a simple and easy-to-use interface for building web applications. With its rich set of features, Express.js makes it easier to manage routes, handle requests and responses, and integrate with other libraries and tools. It also offers a wide range of plugins and middleware to enhance its functionality and make web development more efficient
Pros and cons of MEAN stack
The MEAN stack offers several advantages, including:
Uses isomorphic code
Real-time and Interactive App Development
The Node.JS in the MEAN stack enables real-time feature integration without requiring the user to update the app. This makes it suitable for live app demos and building interactive real-time apps like messaging apps.
The MEAN stack is built entirely from open-source components, providing businesses with access to a wealth of libraries and tools for efficient development. Being open-source also means that development teams have access to solutions to problems they might encounter during the development process, making debugging easier and streamlining the process.
MEAN stack disadvantages include
- MEAN stack’s server-side code and business logic are tightly coupled, which could result in unorganized and difficult-to-maintain code known as spaghetti code. This can make it challenging to make updates or introduce new features, leading to longer development times and higher costs.
- Data partitioning in the MEAN stack can sometimes be challenging, and there is a risk of data loss during the partitioning process. It is essential to plan and implement a data partitioning strategy carefully to avoid potential data loss or corruption.
What is the MERN Stack?
An Overview of MERN Stack Components
As mentioned earlier, the MERN Stack comprises four primary technologies, which are MongoDB, Express, React, and Node.js. Let’s take a closer look at the components of MERN.
MongoDB, one of the key technologies in the MERN stack, is a NoSQL database that stores data in a flexible, document-oriented format. Unlike traditional relational databases that use tables and rows, MongoDB’s approach allows for easy scaling and handling of large volumes of unstructured or semi-structured data. Additionally, MongoDB’s robust query language and cross-platform compatibility make it a popular choice for modern web development.
Express.JS is a popular and minimalist web application framework that runs on top of Node.js. It provides developers with a simple and intuitive API for building web applications and APIs. Express simplifies the process of handling HTTP requests, managing routing, and processing data from the client. With a robust set of features and a large community of contributors, Express is widely used in the MERN stack to build scalable and high-performance web applications.
Pros and cons of MERN stack
The MERN stack offers several advantages, including:
The MERN stack excels at fast UI rendering, thanks to React’s virtual DOM feature. Unlike other frameworks like AngularJS, React is a library that allows for greater freedom in organizing and optimizing code for better performance. This translates to improved user experience and increased search engine optimization (SEO) for web applications built with the MERN stack.
Provides a seamless user experience
React Native, a framework built on top of React, enables MERN developers to build mobile apps that provide a native-like experience to users. React Native supports features such as camera access, offline data storage, and smooth animations. It also allows developers to write code once and use it for both iOS and Android platforms, saving time and effort.
There are some limitations to using the MERN stack, including:
- When working with the React JS library in the MERN stack, developers often rely on a multitude of third-party tools and libraries to achieve their goals. While these tools provide the opportunity to build a robust application, they also require additional configurations, which can slow down the development and deployment processes.
- MERN is ideal for developing smaller, single-page, or mobile applications. If you’re planning on creating large, complex applications, you may find the MEAN stack more suitable, as it offers additional features and tools to handle large-scale projects.
Source: Google Trends
Breaking down the differences: MEAN stack vs MERN stack
- MongoDB, as the database of choice for MEAN, offers a highly scalable and flexible data storage solution, making it well-suited for handling large amounts of data.
- Express, as the backend web application framework for MEAN, provides a minimalistic and flexible approach to web development, allowing developers to easily create APIs and handle HTTP requests.
- MEAN follows a standardized approach to web development, which can be beneficial for large teams working on complex projects, as it helps maintain consistency and reduces the risk of errors.
- Angular’s two-way data binding allows for easy synchronization between the model and the view, making it simple to create complex and responsive user interfaces.
- MEAN stack supports hybrid mobile app development using tools such as Ionic, which is built on top of Angular and provides a range of pre-built UI components and native device features.
- Uses the React library for building the frontend, which provides exceptional performance and allows for fast rendering of UI components.
- Offers a flexible and intuitive development environment that is relatively easy to learn, with a large community of developers available for support.
- Third-party libraries and tools are often required for additional functionality, which may slow down development and deployment.
- Provides a faster response time due to its ability to handle data-intensive applications in real-time.
- Well-suited for building single-page applications and web applications that require a dynamic and interactive user interface.
- React uses a unidirectional data flow, which simplifies the management of complex application states and enhances the predictability of UI components.
- The MERN stack includes React Native, a dedicated framework for building high-performance hybrid mobile applications that can run on both iOS and Android platforms.
Source: Google Trends
Key considerations for selecting the ideal stack between MEAN and MERN
To determine the most suitable stack for your application, consider the following factors:
React’s component-based architecture allows developers to create complex interfaces by assembling simple building blocks. As a result, MERN may be the better choice over MEAN if you need to develop advanced and user-friendly interfaces. Additionally, MERN’s fast UI rendering capabilities can enhance the user experience compared to MEAN.
Angular in the MEAN stack offers out-of-the-box integration with third-party tools, allowing for efficient and seamless development. On the other hand, React in the MERN stack provides developers with a vast array of third-party libraries and tools, but these require more effort to integrate and configure, potentially impacting development timelines.
Maintenance and modifications
When it comes to maintenance and modifications, the MERN stack has an advantage due to the simplicity and modularity of its React-based front-end. This makes it easier to add new features, fix bugs, and make changes to the user interface. As a result, it can be a better choice for projects with a fast turnaround or a need for frequent updates and iterations, such as building an MVP or a proof of concept.
Ultimately, choosing between the MEAN and MERN stacks depends on various factors, such as project requirements, development team expertise, performance, scalability, and maintainability. Thus, it’s essential to assess each stack meticulously before making a final decision, as it can significantly impact the project’s success. By carefully evaluating your options, you can select the right stack for your project, which can save time, money and ensure optimal performance.