Maharshi Patel
Written By Maharshi Patel Sr. Project Coordinator

Agile vs. Waterfall: Difference Between the Two Methodologies

post date
June 22, 2023
Agile vs. Waterfall Difference Between the Two Methodologies
Reading Time: 7 minutes

In the ever-evolving landscape of software development, two prominent methodologies have emerged: Agile and Waterfall. These methodologies represent distinct approaches to managing and executing software projects, each with its own significance and impact.

Agile, a revolutionary concept in the realm of software development, advocates for flexibility, collaboration, and adaptability. It breaks away from the traditional, rigid nature of Waterfall and embraces change as an inherent part of the development process. Agile is like a dynamic dance, where teams iterate and evolve with every step, fostering continuous improvement and innovation.

Waterfall, on the other hand, embodies the classical, linear approach to project management. With its sequential nature, it meticulously plans and executes software development in a structured, step-by-step manner. Waterfall represents a well-choreographed symphony, with each phase flowing seamlessly into the next, leaving little room for deviation or improvisation.

Both Agile and Waterfall methodologies have played pivotal roles in shaping the software development landscape, addressing unique challenges, and fulfilling specific project requirements.

In this guide, we will talk about the difference between agile vs. waterfall, their advantages and drawbacks, and the factors for choosing between agile and waterfall. Learn how software development companies can benefit from each of these methodologies in different development environments. Let’s get started.

What Is Agile Methodology?

Agile methodology is an iterative and incremental approach to software development. It prioritizes adaptability, collaboration, and continuous improvement to deliver high-quality software solutions. Unlike traditional waterfall methods, Agile breaks the project into smaller, manageable cycles called sprints, allowing for quick feedback, adjustments, and continuous delivery.

Agile Methodology Phases

Project Initiation

The Agile methodology begins with project initiation, where the project team is formed, and the project vision, goals, and objectives are defined. This phase involves identifying key stakeholders, establishing the project scope, and creating an initial product backlog.

Sprint Planning

In this phase, the project team collaboratively plans the work for the upcoming sprint. The product backlog is reviewed, and the team selects a set of user stories or tasks to be completed during the sprint. The team also estimates the effort required for each selected item.

Sprint Execution

The sprint execution phase is where the development work takes place. The team follows Agile principles and focuses on delivering a potentially shippable product increment at the end of each sprint. Daily stand-up meetings are held to discuss progress, address any impediments, and ensure collaboration among team members.

Sprint Review

At the end of each sprint, a sprint review is conducted to showcase the completed work to the stakeholders. The team gathers feedback, discusses any changes or adjustments needed, and ensures alignment with the project goals. The review provides an opportunity to validate and refine the product based on user feedback.

Sprint Retrospective

The sprint retrospective is a reflective phase where the team evaluates its performance during the sprint. This includes discussing what went well, what could be improved, and identifying actions to enhance future sprints. The retrospective promotes continuous learning, self-improvement, and team collaboration.

Incremental Product Delivery
As the sprints progress, the product evolves and features are incrementally added. At the end of each sprint, a potentially releasable product increment is delivered, allowing for early feedback and validation from users or stakeholders.

Project Closure
The Agile methodology also includes a project closure phase, where the project is formally concluded. This phase involves finalizing documentation, conducting a project review, and capturing lessons learned for future projects.

Key Agile Adoption Statistics

  • A staggering 94% of software development teams have fully embraced Agile practices or adopted a hybrid Agile approach, showcasing its pervasive influence across the industry.
  • Research by the Project Management Institute (PMI) reveals that companies leveraging Agile methodologies experience a remarkable 28% increase in project success rates, fueling greater productivity among development teams.
  • Agile organizations outshine their counterparts using traditional waterfall methods, boasting a 39% higher success rate in delivering projects on time, as reported by the Standish Group’s CHAOS Report.
  • Agile practices have proved instrumental in elevating customer satisfaction levels, with a notable 90% of organizations witnessing improved customer feedback and loyalty, according to a study by Forrester Consulting.
  • Agile methodologies equip software development teams with the agility to respond swiftly to evolving customer needs and market demands. The State of Agile report affirms that 88% of Agile organizations experience increased flexibility in adapting to business requirements.
  • By emphasizing continuous testing and collaboration, Agile methodologies lead to a significant reduction in software defects. In fact, 83% of organizations practicing Agile methods report a decline in defects, as per the State of Agile report.

12 Agile Principles in Software Development

What Is Waterfall Methodology?

The Waterfall methodology is a structured and disciplined approach to software development. It is characterized by its sequential nature, where each phase is completed before proceeding to the next. The key stages of the Waterfall methodology include requirements gathering, design, implementation, testing, deployment, and maintenance.

Waterfall Methodology Phases

Requirements Gathering

In this initial phase, project requirements are defined and documented in detail. Stakeholders collaborate to identify project goals, user needs, and functional specifications.


Once the requirements are established, the design phase begins. This involves creating a detailed technical design, architectural plans, and system specifications that outline how the software will be developed.


The implementation phase involves the actual coding and development of the software based on the design specifications. Developers follow the predefined requirements and design guidelines to build the software.


After the software is developed, it undergoes rigorous testing to identify any defects or issues. Testers evaluate the software against the established requirements to ensure it functions correctly and meets the desired quality standards.


Once the software has successfully passed the testing phase, it is deployed to the production environment. This involves installing and configuring the software on the intended hardware and making it available for end-users.


After deployment, the software enters the maintenance phase, where updates, bug fixes, and enhancements are addressed. Ongoing support and maintenance activities ensure the software remains functional and up-to-date.

Principles of the Waterfall Methodology

Differences Between Agile vs. Waterfall

We put these two methodologies head-to-head so that you understand the agile and waterfall comparisons better. Check out agile vs. waterfall project management based on multiple factors.

  • Development Progress: In the agile method, development progress is measured with deliverables. But in the waterfall method, development progress is measured by the completion of requirements. So, achieving a specific functionality might be called progress in agile. But it won’t be counted as progress under the waterfall method.
  • Nature: Agile is a flexible model for software development. The requirements of the project can be changed even if the development process is ongoing, should any necessity occur. But you can’t change the requirements after starting the development process in the waterfall model.
  • Client Involvement: As each deliverable reaches the client in the agile model, they can interact more in this method. And the necessary iterations are made according to client interactions. But in the waterfall model, the software is only deployed after the development process is complete. So, the room for client interaction is smaller.
  • Development Team: Requirements are divided into smaller portions, and each portion is assigned to a team. So, teams are usually small in the agile model. But as every member of the team works on a specific phase in the waterfall model, teams are typically large in this model.
  • Project Size: Breaking down a project into smaller, manageable parts makes the agile model well-suited for larger projects, whereas the waterfall model tends to be more effective for smaller-scale projects.
  • Testing: The testing team starts working in the early phases of the development life cycle in the agile model. So they can suggest the necessary changes. But this isn’t possible in the waterfall model, as the testing team starts working after the development process is complete.

Benefits and Drawbacks of the Agile Model

Before choosing any of these methodologies, check out the drawbacks and benefits of agile software development.


  • Agile is a more client-focused model, so clients have more opportunities to be involved in the development process and suggest changes.
  • The development process can adapt to new inventions in the agile model.
  • Large projects can be completed faster in this model by dividing the task into smaller segments.
  • There is more room for iteration during the development process, which ensures a better outcome.


  • The agile model isn’t that beneficial for small projects.
  • The implementation cost of this method is higher than other project management methodologies.
  • A limited timeframe for sprints can create unavoidable delays during the process.

Benefits and Drawbacks of the Waterfall Model

Here are the benefits and drawbacks of this traditional method of project management.


  • Planning the development process is more convenient because the requirements are gathered prior to planning.
  • Managing the project is easier and more cost-effective with this method.
  • Small projects can implement this method without incurring a lot of management costs.
  • Each phase is reviewed before moving on to the next phase, so there are fewer errors in successive phases.


  • This model has low flexibility because requirements can’t be changed midway.
  • Testing is done at the end of the development process, so fixing bugs can be more complex and expensive with this method.

Agile vs. Waterfall: Which Methodology Should You Choose?

When it comes to software development, choosing the right methodology can significantly impact your project’s success. Let’s explore the differences between Agile and Waterfall methodologies to help you make an informed decision.

Agile Methodology

Agile is characterized by its flexibility, iterative approach, and customer collaboration. It allows for changes in requirements throughout the project and breaks it into small iterations. This iterative process encourages regular feedback, continuous improvement, and faster time to market. Agile is ideal for complex projects with evolving requirements or those requiring frequent updates and enhancements.

Waterfall Methodology

Waterfall follows a structured and sequential approach, with clear phases and deliverables. It requires thorough upfront planning, detailed documentation, and minimal customer involvement after the initial requirements phase. Waterfall offers predictability and is suitable for projects with stable requirements and a fixed scope.

Choosing the Right Methodology:

To determine the most suitable methodology, consider the following factors:

Project Complexity: Agile is better suited for dynamic and complex projects, while Waterfall is ideal for straightforward projects with clear requirements.

Customer Involvement: If customer collaboration and regular feedback are crucial, Agile is the preferred choice.

Time Sensitivity: Agile’s incremental approach allows for quicker releases, making it advantageous for time-sensitive projects.

Documentation and Control: Waterfall provides extensive documentation and a structured approach, which can be beneficial for projects that require strict control.


In conclusion, when deciding between Agile and Waterfall methodologies, it’s important to consider the specific requirements of your project and the needs of your team and stakeholders. Agile methodology promotes flexibility, collaboration, and adaptability, making it suitable for projects with evolving requirements and a need for frequent updates. Waterfall methodology, on the other hand, offers a structured and sequential approach, providing predictability and clarity in project execution.

To make the right choice, evaluate your project’s characteristics, such as customer involvement, time sensitivity, and documentation needs. A hybrid approach that combines elements from both methodologies may also be an option. Regular evaluation, learning, and adaptation are crucial for effective project management and successful outcomes.

If you’re seeking guidance in selecting and implementing the right methodology, our experienced team at WebCodegenie is here to assist you. We have expertise in both Agile and Waterfall methodologies and can provide tailored solutions to meet your unique needs.

Maharshi Patel
Written By Maharshi Patel Sr. Project Coordinator

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